Research I: Equatorial Guinea

Conference Spanish in Africa 2024

Conference: Spanish in Africa past, present and future (Basel 2024)

Date, place and organization

June 28-29, 2024
University of Basel, Switzerland
Prof. Dr. Sandra Schlumpf-Thurnherr and M.A. Sara Carreira, Universität Basel

The conference “Spanish in Africa past, present and future” will take place from June 28 to 29, 2024 at the Seminar for Ibero-Romance Studies at the University of Basel. It will be held as part of the research project “Improving the visibility of Equatorial Guinea as a Spanish-speaking country”, funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), and is co-organized by Sandra Schlumpf-Thurnherr and Sara Carreira.

Content and objectives

Most Spanish speakers live in the Americas and Europe. However, the Spanish language also plays a role on the African continent that should not be underestimated, especially in the two Spanish exclaves Ceuta and Melilla, Western Sahara, Morocco and Equatorial Guinea. The aim of this conference is to examine the challenges and opportunities of the Spanish language in Africa in the past, present and future. Individual contributions will examine these various regions of Africa with a clear connection to the Spanish language from a current perspective. The focus will be on sociolinguistic and language policy aspects, but dialectological and linguistic contact phenomena will also be addressed.  

Specific topics that may be addressed in individual contributions are the following: the positioning of Spain or the Spanish language vis-à-vis Africa; methodological and theoretical considerations on the positioning of Africa in the Spanish-speaking world and in Spanish linguistics; language contacts, language policy and the role of language institutions in the African areas studied (e.g., Real Academia Española, Academia Ecuatoguineana de la Lengua Española, Instituto Cervantes); language ideologies and language attitudes; new theoretical approaches from postcolonial and decolonial perspectives; functions, status and characteristics of Spanish in Africa.

The conference is relevant and innovative within Spanish linguistics because it will bring together a group of international specialists who, from different theoretical and methodological approaches, are dedicated to the different African regions mentioned above. In this way, the encounter will encourage a supra-regional and international exchange on the role and significance of the Spanish language in Africa. Although each of the individual contributions will focus on one of the regions studied (Ceuta, Melilla, Western Sahara, Morocco, Equatorial Guinea), together they will offer an overview of the situation of Spanish in Africa at present, taking into account also its past, as well as an exchange on its potential and its challenges for the future.


The presentations will be organized along the following geographical areas: Ceuta, Melilla, Western Sahara, Morocco and Equatorial Guinea. Experts with different backgrounds and working in academic institutions in Spain, Equatorial Guinea, USA, Italy, Germany and Switzerland have confirmed their participation. All presentations will be held in Spanish.

Program (provisional)

Friday, June 28, 2024

Reception and pickup of materials
Conference opening and welcome (Sandra Schlumpf-Thurnherr & Sara Carreira)
09:45 – 11:15
Session 1: Ceuta. Chair: Marta Rodríguez García
Mª del Carmen Ayora Esteban: El español en Ceuta: Evolución lingüística. Estado de la cuestión y situación sociolingüística
Verónica Rivera Reyes: El codeswitching español/árabe como seña de identidad de la población bilingüe ceutí
11:15 – 11:45
11:45 – 12:30
Session 2: Melilla. Chair: Sandra Schlumpf-Thurnherr
Mohand Tilmatine: Melilla y la Carta europea de las lenguas regionales o minoritarias: el bereber ¿lengua de Europa?
12:30 – 13:30
13:30 – 15:00
Session 3: Equatorial Guinea (I). Chair: Ángel Berenguer Amador
Susana Castillo Rodríguez: Política y paisaje lingüístico en Guinea Ecuatorial. Una aportación desde la lingüística decolonial
Armando Zamora Segorbe: El adverbio más y sus distintos valores en el español guineoecuatoriano
15:00 – 15:30
15:30 – 16:15
Session 4: Equatorial Guinea (II). Chair: Sara Carreira
Ewurama Okine: La concordancia de género en el español de Guinea Ecuatorial
16:15 – 17:00
Final exchange day 1 in charge of: Matteo De Beni & Carsten Sinner
17:00 – 18:15
18:15 – 19:30
Guided tour of Basel by: Ángel Berenguer Amador (meeting point at Hotel Rochat at 18:15)
19:30Dinner: Restaurant Löwenzorn – with short literary readings by: Joaquín Mbomío Bacheng & Bahia Mahmud Hamadi Omar

Saturday, June 29, 2024

09:30 – 11:00
Session 5: Equatorial Guinea (III). Chair: Ángel Berenguer Amador
Sandra Schlumpf-Thurnherr: Usos y valores del español en Guinea Ecuatorial: actitudes lingüísticas de los propios hablantes
Sara Carreira: Nuevos datos sobre las formas de tratamiento pronominales en el español de Guinea Ecuatorial: entre proximidad y distanciamiento
11:00 – 11:30
11:30 – 13:00
Session 6: Morocco. Chair: Sara Carreira
Lotfi Sayahi: El español en el norte de Marruecos: perspectivas históricas y datos actuales
Adil Moustaoui Srhir: Las políticas de la lengua española en Marruecos: entre la ambigüedad y el laissez-faire [video presentation]
13:00 – 14:00
14:00 – 15:00
Session 7: Western Sahara. Chair: Sandra Schlumpf-Thurnherr
Bahia Mahmud Hamadi Omar: Cómo llegó la lengua de García Lorca al Sahara Occidental y a los saharauis
Talk and discussion followed by the presentation of the book Mi madre, mi maestra. Memorias del Sáhara Occidental (2024)
15:00 – 15:30
15:30 – 16:30
Final discussion in charge of: Matteo De Beni & Carsten Sinner
16:30 – 16:45
End of conference (Sandra Schlumpf-Thurnherr & Sara Carreira)


Email organizers

Universität Basel

Seminar für Iberoromanistik

Maiengasse 51

CH-4056 Basel



+41 (0)61 207 12 65


Mª del Carmen Ayora Esteban (Universidad de Granada, Campus de Ceuta)

Sara Carreira (Universität Basel)

Susana Castillo-Rodríguez (SUNY Geneseo)

Bahia Mahmud Hamadi Omar (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)

Adil Moustaoui Srhir (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)

Ewurama Okine (Texas A&M University)

Verónica Rivera Reyes (IES Clara Campo Amor, Ceuta)

Lotfi Sayahi (University at Albany, SUNY)

Sandra Schlumpf-Thurnherr (Universität Basel)

Mohand Tilmatine (Universidad de Cádiz)

Armando Zamora Segorbe (Universidad Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial)


Matteo De Beni (Università degli Studi di Verona)

Carsten Sinner (Universität Leipzig)

Invited writer

Joaquín Mbomío Bacheng


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